What is an IP Address: All That You Are Searching For

What is an IP Address : All That You Are Searching For

IP Address: It is a need of your computer. Definition of an IP address

what is an ip address

How do you call somebody? By dialing their phone number of course. The reason why you can contact anyone around the world using a 10-letter digit is that everyone has a unique number.

Similarly, an IP Address’ is a unique set of number which enables one computer (or other internet accessible devices) to communicate with another.

IP Address which extends into Internet Protocol Address is an identifying number for any kind of device or hardware. An IP Address may look like these two the examples –

131.108.23.121
Or
2018:4763:4763::7744

And we will disc us about these differences in the later part of the article. But first, let us get more familiar with the term IP Address’.

 

Why do we need IP Address?

The IP Address is a groundbreaking modern innovation in technology that differentiates all the devices from one another and provides a sort of mailing addresses’ for you to communicate with someone else who is also accessing the internet using a computer or smartphone.

If you need to send a letter to your friend or if you are sending a package to your home, you need to mention where they live and what is their exact location to make sure the letter or package doesn’t return to you.It is almost the same case with an IP Address, but here it is specified to communicate through the internet.

IP Address provides a platform to facilitate a variety of tasks on the World Wide Web. To connect to someone else, your computer uses DNS Server to find the exact hostname of the user and then connects to his unique IP Address digit.

The reason why IP Address is so necessary in the surfing world is that without it you cannot view any website or webpage on, the internet. Because when you type a website’s URL it uses DNS Server and searches for the hostname of the website to find the corresponding IP, Address. This address will connect yo, ur computer to the specific URL or website.

 

Types and differentiation of IP Addresses in World Wide Web.

So now that we know what IP Address is and why is it necessary, the next thing we need to understand is that how IP Addresses are differentiates based on the specific instruction and different versions.

There are four types of an IP Address

• Public IP Address
• Private IP Address
• Static IP Address
• Dynamic IP Address

 

Each type is distinguished based on its host or domain

Public IP Address – A public IP Address is used to identify your home network to the outside world. This address is provided by ISP (Internet Service Provider).This IP address can be constant throughout the internet which is known as Static IP Address, or it might change time to time by ISP which is a Dynamic IP address. It depends on the service you are providing.

You can either assign your IP Address manually or by using DHCP servers. If your IP address has been generated by DHCP (Dynamic Host Control Protocol) it is a Dynamic IP address. Or in case the device doesn’t have or support DHCP, it needs to connect to other computers manually using a Static IP Address.

 

The difference between Ipv4 and Ipv6 versions of IP Address

As mentioned above there are two versions of IP Addresses, IPV4 and IPV6. As much as it sounds like, IPV6 is basically an upgraded version of IPV4.

IPV6 allows a larger number of IP Addresses to be made than IPV4. This is necessary because of the growing amount of internet users and also it provides extra security to your unique bit.

IPV4 was able to provide a unique number to more than four billion users around the WWW.But although it is a huge number, it is just enough with new users joining the internet world every day and the ratio of daily users is growing fast as well.

And hence the invention of IPV6 was all the more important to cope up with the growing amount of internet surfers and provide a unique address to all of them. IPV6 can provide a set of the unique address to more than 340 trillion, trillion, trillion people (Add twelve zeroes before 340) and that is a whole lot more than the potential of IPV4.

Apart from this key factor, IPV6 has also added some important benefits which were lacking in IPV4.

IP Address collision is no longer an issue which is caused by private addresses, with the help of IPV6.

Automatic configuration of your address.
Network Address Translation or NAT is not required anymore.
Built-in privacy.
Efficient routing and easier management or administration.
Where IPV4 had the decimal format like 131.108.23.121, IPV6 addresses are written in the hexadecimal format because of their trillions of possible addresses. An example of IPV6 IP address would be like this 3ffe:1800:3636:3:300:f6ff:fe21:23cf.

 

How can you identify your IP Address?

To check what your IP address is first you need to figure out whether you are looking for a Public IP Address provided by the ISP or a Private IP Address that your router provides. Also, the operating system of your device takes apart as well and there are different ways you can use to identify your IP Address.

 

Identifying a Public IP Address

It is considerably easier to find your Public IP Address than Private IP Address because, well, it is public! There are various websites on the internet that can hand out your public domain automatically and all you need to do is visit their site using your device. Sites like IPChicken, WhatsMyIP.org, and WhatIsMyIPAddress.com works like a charm to provide you your Public internet protocol.

 

Identifying a Private IP Address

This is however not as simple as visiting a site. Different operating systems enable different steps to check the IP.

Tip: You can check out guide on “How Do I Find My Default Gateway IP Address?” if you want to find the IP address of your router, or any device that your network uses to access the public internet.

In windows

In windows, you can search your IP Address provided by your router by going to the Command Prompt using the ipconfig command.

In Linux

For the Linux users, the step is a little different. First, they need to enter “hostname-I” in the terminal window. ifconfig or IP address show should also work.

In macOS

For MAC devices you need to enter the command ifconfig to check your private IP Address.

In Android

If you are using an Android smartphone, Visit Settings
Go to Wi-Fi
Or in case you have a different setting
Visit Settings
Go to Wireless Controls
Click Wi-Fi Settings

For iPhone or iPad

For iPhone or iPad users, go to the Settings app through the Wi-Fi menu. Click on the “i” button (next to which the connected network shows). And then you can see the details of your Private IP Address.